An Introduction to The Vedas: Among Hinduism’s Oldest Texts & Initial Layer of Sanskrit Literature

An Introduction to The Vedas: Among Hinduism’s Oldest Texts & Initial Layer of Sanskrit Literature

Scientific Verification of Vedic Knowledge: A vast number of statements and materials presented in the ancient Vedic literatures can be shown to agree with modern scientific findings and they also reveal a highly developed scientific content in these literatures. The great cultural wealth of this knowledge is highly relevant in the modern world. Techniques used to show this agreement include: Max Muller, perhaps the most well known early sanskritist and indologist, although later in life he glorified the Vedas, initially wrote that the “Vedas were worse than savage” and “India must be conquered again by education Innumerable archaeological findings and their analysis have recently brought the Aryan Invasion Theory into serious question. This theory is still taught as fact in many educational systems despite much contrary evidence. The wealth of their culture came from foreign soil. On the one hand we have the vast Vedic Literature without any archaeological finds associated with them and on the other hand, we have 2, archaeological sites from the Indus-Sarasvata civilization without any literature associated with them.

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Effect of Gayntri Mantra. The Mantra on Ganesha produced an outline of Ganesha as we see Him in Temples appeared on the TV Screen, though the details were not very distinctively seen. But when the Gayatri Mantra was recited, the picture tube blew up. We left it at that. What is certain is that the Mantras unleash energy, at highest levels.

The Vedas are classified into four volumes: the Rig-Veda, the Sama Veda, the Yajur Veda and the Atharva Veda, with the Rig Veda serving as the principal text. The four Vedas are collectively known as “Chathurveda, ” of which the first three Vedas–Rig Veda, Sama Veda, and Yajur Veda–agree with one another in form, language and content.

The Hindu ceremony consists of the priest or brahmin officiating. The bride and groom stand on a decorated wood plank and the priests holds a curtain between them. The bridal party stands behind the bride. The priest chants songs and guest shower rice and other grains over the couple. The wedding begins when the curtain is removed and garllands of sandlewood chips are placed around the neck of the bride and groom. The brides father gives her to the groom and then they perform an upliftment of Dharma Dharma meaning right conduct, Artha for prosperity and Karma for the enjoyment of legitiment gratification.

The bride applies sandlewood paste to the grooms forehead, the groom then applies a red mark on the brides forehead to display for as long as they are married. Then puffed rice and purified butter from the hands of the bride and groom are thrown into the fire.

How old are the Upanishads?

However, no definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas as the generational descend of the texts in Vedic periods was by literary oral tradition, which was then a precise and elaborate technique. The first of the written Vedas date to 1st millennium BCE, though the surviving ones now date only to somewhere in between 11th and 14th century mostly due to the ephemeral nature of the manuscript materials; the birch barks or palm leaves.

The tales tell humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, but that God taught the Vedic hymns to the sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth. Some school of thoughts even assert that the Vedas as of eternal creation, mainly in the Mimasa tradition. The Four Vedas There are four Vedas:

Upanishad: Upanishad, one of four genres of texts that together constitute each of the Vedas, the sacred scriptures of most Hindu traditions. Each of the four Vedas—the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda—consists of a Samhita (a “collection” of hymns or sacred formulas); a liturgical prose.

Nonetheless Vedas remain the most meticulously preserved texts available today. The unique methods devised from very inception of Vedas have ensured that Vedas are available even today in same original form. Many scholars have called this the greatest wonder of human civilization. Someone like Abdullah Tariq, the mentor of Zakir Naik and celebrated Islamic scholar, also vociferously asserts that Vedas are the first divine texts.

Even Zakir Naik does not refute it, even though he does not state it so clearly owing to his Wahabi foundation. This very act of his proves that he regards Vedas as authoritative first divine texts. The whole Qadiyani movement is based on the assertion of Vedas being the first divine texts and Mirza Ghulam being the last Prophet. While we have refuted the wrong interpretations of Vedic mantras by likes of Zakir Naik and Maulana Vidyarthi, refer http: It has primarily been the atheist and communist circles that has refuted the idea of Vedas being divine, despite agreeing on Vedas being oldest.

The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata

Share Shares Based on his expertise on ancient documents and biblical genealogies, the Irish Archbishop James Ussher — estimated that our planet was created in the morning of October 23, BC. Bodleian Library As time goes by, two geographically isolated communities that speak the same language will display differences in the way they talk. After a few generations, language change becomes more significant.

Linguistics can date text on documents, pottery, building walls, and numerous other surfaces.

The Rigveda’s core is accepted to date to the late Bronze Age, making it one of the few examples with an unbroken tradition. Its composition is usually dated to roughly between c. – BC. The Rigveda is far more archaic than any other Indo-Aryan text.

The great Rishis of the Vedic age composed the hymns, fought their wars, and ploughed their fields; but they were neither Brahmins, nor Kshatriyas nor Vaisyas. The banks of the distant Ganga and Jumna are rarely alluded to; the scenes of war and social ceremonies are the banks of the Saraswati and her tributaries. This was the Hindu world when the hymns were composed. India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, came to represent the religions of India at the World Parliament of Religions, held at Chicago has said: They hold that the Vedas are without beginning and without end.

It may sound ludicrous, that a book can be without beginning or end. But by the Vedas no books are meant. They mean the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons at different times. Just as the law of gravitation acted before its discovery by humanity, and would continue to act if all humanity forgot it, so is it with the laws that govern the spiritual world.

The discoverers of these laws are called Rishis, and we honor them as perfected beings. Now the Vedas teach us that creation is without beginning or end.

Scientific Verification of Vedic Knowledge: Archaeology Online

Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. There are also many other works termed Purana, known as ‘Upapuranas.

Wilson [ ] A primary text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism, and one of the canonical Puranas of the Vishnu category.

The thought Vedas are compiled by Vyasa and not authoured by him looks to be ok. I understood from different quarters that Vedas are not written by anyone and it is indeed the breath of Iswara. Meaning Vedas and Iswara are one and inseperable. Vedas are .

Nasadiya Sukta Hymn of non-Eternity, origin of universe: There was neither non-existence nor existence then; Neither the realm of space, nor the sky which is beyond; What stirred? There was neither death nor immortality then; No distinguishing sign of night nor of day; That One breathed, windless, by its own impulse; Other than that there was nothing beyond. Darkness there was at first, by darkness hidden; Without distinctive marks, this all was water; That which, becoming, by the void was covered; That One by force of heat came into being; Who really knows?

Who will here proclaim it? Whence was it produced? Whence is this creation? Gods came afterwards, with the creation of this universe.

The Song of Creation

Jessica Whittemore Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. She has a master’s degree in education. This lesson will explore the ancient Hindu texts known collectively as the Vedas. It will stress the importance of the Rig-Veda, while also explaining the roles of the three lesser Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas. The Four Vedas Throughout time, people of faith have elevated certain texts to positions of inspired power and reverence.

astronomical dating of some of the verses of the Rig Veda to BCE, the Astronomical dating of Ramayana at around BCE, date of composition of the last Mandala of the Rig Veda around BCE, strong evidences suggesting the traditional date of BCE as the date of Mahabharata.

We hear a lot about the benefits of yoga, from its ability to decrease stress , chronic pain, as well as the risk for chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Most people are aware of its Indian spiritual and religious roots, but those tend to get washed out by the manufactured, commodified versions of yoga we see today. In fact, yoga is incredibly complex — even the word “yoga” has taken on hundreds of different meanings and practices throughout the years.

But a practice so rich in religious, spiritual, and physical meaning would take years or even a lifetime to fully understand, grasp, and manifest. They date from the Vedic period, which began in BCE. Interestingly, in some of these very early writings, yoga was used to describe a warrior dying and transcending into heaven, being carried by his chariot to reach the gods and higher powers of being.

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These writers made lot of exaggerations to please their patron kings. Everything was written on soft materials like birch bark, palm leaf, paper etc. Since the old manuscripts become fragile in course of time, they had to be manually copied.

Vedas pdf. Meaning vedas and indian texts dating of the indian circles, as the brink of rigveda. Date to bce is, date the vedas. Thus, bce, sama-veda, bce, fauna and the vedas and scientific dating to hindu teachings, cambridge. Vedic hymns nos to dating of vedic texts.

I would just like to add a few comments here. Our tradition has always been of a Guru-Sishya Teacher-Student lineage. Therefore, these hymns were not penned at all until a particular time period. But they were passed down from teacher to student through the oral tradition. Secondly, Veda Vyasa compiled the Vedas and taught each of the divisions to his 4 students.

So the 4 students each received one kind of division. It was then passed down orally. Thirdly, Rg Veda may not be the oldest but it is always regarded specially compared to the other 3 divisions.

Scientific Verification of Vedic Knowledge: Archaeology Online

June 23rd, Author: Consequently the civilizations of the world naturally and simultaneously started developing near the rivers which initially started flowing due to the melting of glaciers near the Equator e. South India, Sri Lanka and Africa. When populations multiplied, these river waters became insufficient.

The idea that the Vedas are eternal does not fit into the mental outlook of Western indologists. Their claims to impartiality and to conducting research in a scientific manner notwithstanding, they are not prepared to accord an elevated status to the Hindu texts.

It is said that the Vedic texts were first recited orally through complex mnemonic codes and passed through generations before it was formally written down. The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts in the world dating from c. Most Indologists agree that an oral tradition existed long before a literary tradition tentatively may have been set in in one shakha, Kanva from about the 1st century BCE; however it was again superseded by oral tradition until c. Due to the ephemeral nature of the manuscript material birch bark or palm leaves , surviving manuscripts rarely surpass an age of a few hundred years.

The Benares Sanskrit University has a Rig-Veda manuscript of the mid th century; however, there are a number of older Veda manuscripts in Nepal belonging to the Vajasaneyi tradition that are dated from the 11th century onwards. Gavin Flood sums up mainstream estimates, according to which the Rigveda was compiled from as early as BCE over a period of several centuries.

The Vedic period reaches its peak only after the composition of the mantra texts, with the establishment of the various Shakhas all over Northern India which annotated the mantra Samhitas with Brahmana discussions of their meaning, and reaches its end in the age of Buddha and Panini and the rise of the Mahajanapadas archaeologically,Northern Black Polished Ware.

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Oldest Religious Texts Answered By: Greetings Katthehottie, Of the two you mention, Hinduism has the older texts approx. The oldest religious texts are Egyptian from approx. The texts, inscribed on the walls of the inner chambers of the pyramids [from c.

The various attempts made to date Sanskrit texts (the Veda) are examined in the context that if the Ŗgveda (the earliest of the texts) is at least a millennium older than its commonly accepted date, then the possibility of Dravidian and/or Munda and/or unknown linguistic influences on Vedic Sanskrit being the result of the speakers of these languages intruding on an Indo-Aryan-speaking area.

Srinivas The Vedas contain the divine wisdom and knowledge of things directly seen by the Rishis or seers of hoary antiquity by intuition and are called Shrutis, i. Hence Vedas are called Apaurusheya, i. In comparison with the Egyptian pyramids and other ancient monuments which inspire us with their mute grandeur and perpetuate the memories of their builders, the Vedas which have most faithfully preserved the immortal words uttered by the ancient seers thousands of years ago have been inspiring millions of devout Hindus since time immemorial.

The Vedas are the fountainhead of later Indian literature both religious and secular. All Indian law givers regard the Veda as the principal source of Dharma and all Hindus look upon the Vedas as the supreme authority in all matters concerning religion, laws and social conduct. There is an unmistakable imprint of Vedic influence over Indian religions, philosophy, literature, art and culture. Even today millions of Hindus perform their religious rites with the recitation of those very Vedic mantras which were recited by their forefathers thousands of years ago.

Apart from these families we also have hymns composed jointly by members of different families and those composed by Rishis whose family identity is unknown or unidentifiable. According to Aryabhatta, Kaliyuga began from B. In modern times scholars like Dr. Mankad fixed B. Another famous astronomer Varahamihira says that Yudhisthira became king in saka era B.

Rigveda To Robotics – HISTORICITY OF VEDIC and RAMAYAN ERAS


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